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Russian version

Personal oral hygiene

Often, patients are wondering how to choose the right toothbrush and toothpaste and, besides not many people know that in addition to basic hygiene facilities, there are more, such as dental floss, tooth brush, rinse, tongue scraper. Therefore, on each of these issues, I would like to talk separately.

Since in our country there is the lack of fluoride content in the water needed for the construction of dental hard tissues and caries resistance, one should choose a toothpaste containing fluoride: for adults - at a concentration of 1450-1500 ppm, for children  - 500 ppm, in addition for children under 12 are  recommended pastes that besides fluorine include calcium compounds. If one suffers from gum disease the toothpaste should contain anti-inflammatory substances. Availability of fluoride, calcium and antiinflammatory substances in a toothpaste is specified on the packaging.

Regarding the toothbrushes it should be noted that preference is given to a brush with synthetic bristles of medium hardness, if there is a severe periodontal disease and tooth sensitivity then it is better to choose a soft toothbrush. Children under 12 should use children's toothbrushes and with soft bristles. The length of the brush head must be equal to the width of 2-3teeth. The greatest cleansing ability  have brushes with a even bristle length, but if one hasperiodontal disease and  is wearing bracket system it is recommended to use brushes with uneven long bristles. Before and after teeth cleaning the cleaning brush should be washed thoroughly under running water with soap. The brush is kept in individual glass with bristle up. The case is used only to transport the brushes.

The brush should be replaced when it wears out, or as color indicators are bleaching. Toothbrush with unkempt bristle cleans teeth bad and injures the gums. It is recommended to change the brush every 2-3 months, and certainly after infectious diseases. If suffering from  chronic diseases of the oropharynx and nose - every month.

One must brush the teeth at least 2 times a day, may be more often, and certainly after a meal. Except paste and brush, there are a lot of means of oral care that are not major, but additional, but that does not mean that they are minor and can be ignored. When cleaning only with a toothbrush it is not possible to clean the interdental spaces, and it is there that most of plaque is accumulated and usually in 100% of cases this leads to the formation of caries cavities. In this case, dental floss, or floss can help us. There are waxed or not waxed dental flosses. Waxed better penetrate between teeth, and it is important when the position of the teeth is very close. Unwaxed have a better cleaning power. It is possible to use dental floss sodden with a 2% solution of sodium fluoride for caries prevention. Flossing is required after brushing, especially before going to bed and after meals, especially if it is viscous and sticky. If there are oral fixed orthodontic and orthopedic constructions (artificial crowns, bridges, braces), which are additional places for the retention of food debris, microorganisms and plaque, one must use special brushes.

To reduce plaque formation,improve acid resistance of enamel and deodorizing the mouth cavity rinse, which contains sodium fluoride, triclosan and herbal extracts must to be applied. One should rinse mouth after a meal and tooth cleaning with a paste and a brush for 15-30 seconds.

You should know that plaque with a high content of microorganisms accumulates not only the teeth, but also the tongue, hence the bad breath. Therefore, after each brushing your teeth do not forget to brush your tongue.  There are special tongue scrapers for this, or of some brushes have silicone coating on the back of the  brush heads for cleaning the tongue. You can also brush your tongue with a usual brush with 2-3 sweep movements.

And in the end I would like to wish everyone good health. Remember that beautiful smile is a healthy smile first of all!


Baranovichi city

Dental Clinic № 2