Chronic venous disease: terminology
Chronic venous disorders (CVD) is a chronic condition associated with abnormalities in the structure and functioning of the veins, which manifests symptoms such as feeling of heaviness, swelling, pain in the legs, especially in the evening, as a rule, there are also external signs: venous reticulum, "vascular spiders", veins varicose, trophic skin disorders, venous ulcers.
Symptoms usually require instrumental examination and / or treatment.
Chronic venous disease from risk factors to symptoms
Chronic venous diseases (CVD) begin with violations of mechanisms that ensure the return of venous blood from the lower extremities to the heart and lungs against gravity. Risk factors are genetic predisposition, hormonal changes among women (pregnancy, menopause), the need for a long stay in an upright position (standing or sitting), frequent carrying of heavy loads, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, excess heat, hampering clothes.
Varicose of veins, venous stasis and hypertension lead to increased permeability of the venous wall, swelling and inflammation. This is manifested with typical symptoms: a feeling of heaviness, swelling, "pins and needles", pain in the legs, night cramps are often observed. Venous reticulum, "vascular spiders", veins varicose appear on the legs and hips. .
Chronic venous disease: Danger
A person suffering from blood circulation embarrassment and stagnation of blood in the lower extremities, gets more tired, the pain and heaviness in the legs, appearing in the evening (or sometimes in the afternoon) make him irritable, inattentive to others, and do not let to focus on the work.
In addition to the symptoms that could significantly disturb the well-being, importance of CVD is dictated by possible complications: thrombosis, thrombophlebitis, trophic lower leg skin changes,trophic ulcers. It is important to know that CVD is a progressive condition, so the sooner the patient learns about the diagnosis, the more likely is not only to reduce symptoms but also to slow the progression of the disease and the appearance of complications.
Chronic venous disease: treatment guidelines
It is important to understand that, without treatment, the disease will certainly progress. A treatment efficiency is directly dependent on when it was started. Therefore, one should consult a doctor and begin therapy at the appearance of early symptoms: pain and heaviness in the legs, fatigue, swelling, "pins and needles", seizures.Treatment involves the compulsory wearing of compression hosiery and drug treatment, if necessary, surgery. The method of treatment is choosen by a doctor.
Often patients use agents of 'local' action: creams, ointments. These means have mostly evasive action due to the evaporation of essential oils and other volatile substances. It should be noted that the penetration of the drug through the skin, especially if there are circulatory disorders, has an insignificant depth.
Thus, during the treatment of CVD systematic approach to the impact on different pathogenetic mechanisms is important. Treatment approach is determined by the physician based on the clinical picture of the disease and evidence of different treatment methods.