There are diseases that a person can become infected through sexual contact. They are abbreviated as sexually transmitted infections.
What are sexually transmitted infections? In all the STI group includes more than 20 diseases. The best known and common of them are syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamidiosis and trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis and others. Almost all of the organisms that cause STIs are absolute parasites to humans. This means that they do not occur in a healthy person and their detection is always talking about the disease. Most STIs have similar symptoms. During many STIs there occur pains when urinating, itching, burning sensation in the genital area, discharge from the genital tract. However, there are sexual infections, which apparently do not occur. A person can be absolutely sure of his health in only three cases:
- if he does not live a sexual life;
- if he has only one healthy sexual partner;
- if during each act of intercourse, he uses a condom correctly.
There are several ways to diagnose STIs. The simplest and most commonly used method is the microscopic examination of smear (smear on STIs). But this method can produce reliable results only if the infection is "fresh". If the disease is " neglected", such analysis can not show anything. In such cases, a more modern and reliable methods are used: bacteriological seeding, the detection of specific regions of the DNA pathogen (by PCR method), a blood test. These methods are directed to the detection of the pathogen or antibodies to it in the blood.
Until today, there was not registered a single case of spontaneous recovery from STIs.
Do not think that if the symptoms have disappeared, the disease has passed. At the initial stage of infection, sexually transmitted infections can be overt. It can go into the chronic stage and proceed without external manifestations. Such hidden course of the disease is dangerous, as this can cause serious complications.Besides, not knowing of his illness, the person is leading a normal life and can transmit the disease to others.
No less dangerous is a self-medication when the patient on the advice of friends or advertising begins to take different "miraculous" or exotic agents. In this case, curing usually does not occur, and the disease becomes chronic and difficultly treatable. If there is a suspicion of STI, only a specialist can help - a gynecologist or a dermatologist.
REMEMBER: the earlier to start the treatment of STIs, the easier it can be treated.
If STIs are not treated, they can cause severe complications.
If STI among women is not treated or is treated improperly, it can lead to infertility, cancer of the cervix. Some STIs disrupt the nervous system and the osteomuscular system. For example, syphilis can cause damage to the nervous system, trichomoniasis and chlamydia tojoints. STI treatment is a hard and long work. In addition to physician skills, it requires conscientious and responsible attitude of the patient.
NOTE: Only a thorough implementation of all recommendations of the physician can ensure a full recovery.
Many STIs can be transmitted from mother to child.
Germs and viruses of pregnant women, that cause STIs, can disrupt the normal course of pregnancy. A child can become infected while in the womb, during delivery and through breastfeeding. The infection can cause serious harm to the health of the baby.
NOTE: early detection and treatment of STIs of pregnant women reduces the risk of transmitting the disease to the child. But the best prevention of sexually transmitted infections is to abstain from chaotic sexual intercourse and have protected sex.