HIV / AIDS and drug addiction - are two issues that go side by side for decades. A large percentage of HIV / AIDS patients are drug addicts with experience.
World AIDS Day is held to strengthen the organized efforts to combat HIV, which continues to spread in all regions of the world. On this day, all organizations have a real opportunity to provide any information about the disease to every person on the planet. Due to all kinds of events appeared the opportunity to learn maximum information about AIDS, about how, following simple rules to avoid infection and what to do when occur first symptoms.
On average, about 50% of new infections occur through injecting drug use and the use of contaminated syringes and needles - it is one of the main factors in the spread of HIV / AIDS. The virus enters the drug through infected syringes, containers, filters, used for sharing of intravenous drug use. The probability of infection of HIV among drug addicts is 85%. Also, there are a large number of HIV-infected people who have contracted sexually in a drug and (or) alcohol intoxication.
In the Republic of Belarus as of November 1, 2015 were recorded 19,406 cases of HIV infection, the number of people living with HIV - 15 031. During 10 months of 2015 identified 1884 cases of HIV infection.
In Baranovichi region from 1987 to 01.11.2015 were registered 157 cases (in Baranovichi – 118, in Baranovichi district - 39).
What you need to know about HIV and AIDS?
HIV infection isa chronic disease, occurring for many years without any features (symptoms) that can lead to destruction of the immune system and the development of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
HIV can be transmitted:
- through sexual contact with an infected person;
- when sharing needles, syringes, containers for the injection of drugs;
- transfusion of infected blood and blood components;
- HIV-positive mother to her child during pregnancy, childbirth, breast-feeding (during the preventive measures the risk of HIV transmission can be reduced to a child 0.1-0.5%);
- through infected tools for manicure, shaving, ear piercing, tattooing.
HIV is not transmitted:
- by shaking hands or arms,
- through sweat or tears,
- when coughing or sneezing,
- using common utensils or bedding,
- when sharing a bath and toilet,
- at teamwork, sports, etc.
- in public transport,
- through the bites of animals or insects,
- with a kiss.
Why you need to know if you have HIV?
- to see a doctor for individual advice and in time to start the use of special drugs, stopping the disease, and to prevent the development of AIDS;
- to be more attentive to your health, as any disease in HIV infection is more severe and requires special treatment.
- not to infect your families and loved ones.
Despite the fact that a vaccine against AIDS has not yet been created, there are special medication programs to allow smooth flow of the disease and give years of a full life. Currently, the arsenal of health care workers have up to 20 medications that suppress the multiplication of the human immunodeficiency virus. This treatment is called highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Measures for the prevention of AIDS:
- High moral principles of love and fidelity within marriage or one sexual partner
- The use of personal protective equipment, first of all, a condom
- Taking care of your health and that of your partner
Every person who has reason to suspect at HIV has the ability to undergo free anonymous testing at any medical institution, regardless of the place of residence and registration. If the test is positive, the person is recommended to consult an infection diseases doctor, as the current level of medicine allows to prolong life and delay the onset of AIDS.for a long time with appropriate treatment. Assistance is provided to people with HIV and AIDS patients for free, while maintaining privacy.
Psychiatrist-narcologist A.M. Gordeyko