Since 2008 by the decision of General Assembly of the United Nations in cooperation with the World Health Organization every year on October 15 is held "World Handwashing Day» (Global Handwashing Day). This day is intended to raise awareness of the positive impact of handwashing on health.
Keeping the hands clean is one of the simplest and most effective steps to prevent the spread of pathogens. According to the World Health Organization a simple hand washing prevents the greatest number of deaths among children under 5 years of intestinal and respiratory diseases worldwide. Many diseases and conditions caused by viruses and bacteria, can spread through dirty hands, including colds, flu, viral hepatitis, intestinal infections, and others.
According to the researchers at the hands are detected from several millions to hundreds of millions of microorganisms, moreover wet hands (tacky, dirty) have more microbes than dry.
Studies of British scientists have shown that persons working at a desk jobs have considerably more organisms planted on hands than have those who are engaged in physical labor, in addition men hands were "purer" than women. The most "dirty" objects found in the office were phones including mobiles, desks, keyboards and computer mice, as well as door handles and light switches.
The procedureof simple hand washing with soap helps to remove up to 90% of microorganisms from the skin and can significantly reduce the transmission of infection through casual contact, for example possibility of transmission of enteric infections activator is reduced to 40% with regular hand washing. European researchers have found that only half of the men and only three-quarters of women wash their hands after using the toilet. On the scale of the world's population about 19% of people wash their hands after contact with feces (ie toilet, caring for small children).
Sanitary inspection of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus in accordance with the recommendations of WHO proposes to adhere to 5 simple steps for washing hands to maintain your health:
- Wet your hands with warm water, if possible, and lather them (or apply a small amount of liquid soap (preferably) the size of a pea;
- Rub your hands until the soap is not foam, paying attention to the fingers, the skin between the fingers and under fingernails;
- Continue rubbing hands for 15 seconds;
- Rinse the soap under running water;
- Dry your hands using a paper towel and use a paper towel to turn off the tap, or if you want to open the door to the toilet room.
If you observe personal hygiene and wash hands frequently, do not always comply with such rules surrounding the people who touch the same things that you do, for example, in transport, in shops, at work. To improve the quality of life and well-being of relatives wash your hands:
- Before, during and after cooking;
- Before eating;
- After caring for a sick family member;
- Before you handle wounds, cuts, abrasions on the skin;
- After using the toilet
- -After changing diapers or care for children;
- After coughing, sneezing, nasal cleansing;
- After animals care;
- After handling household waste;
- After returning home from the street.
For continuous use at home it is recommended to give the preference to the usual soap without antibacterial properties. Conclusive scientific evidence of reduction of infectious diseases at home after use soap with antibacterial properties is not obtained, and the negative long-term results are determined. Prolonged soap with antibacterial effect use disrupts the natural balance antimicrobial peptides of the skin, as well as reducing the number of normal skin flora, which holds a decrease of local immunity, the development of the skin, allergic diseases, as well as contributes to the formation of resistance to antibacterial agents.
Sanitary inspection of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus for joint efforts in preventing the spread of infectious diseases offers to talk about the importance of hand washing in maintaining the health with colleagues at work, educational group, class, loved ones. And if possible
wash your hands with soap and water with your relatives on October 15, 2015 at 15 o'clock!
Be an example and not a source of infection!
Epidemiology Department of PI"RCHEandPH" V.V. Pashkovich